Does Hair Transplant Work for Patients with Serious Illnesses? How?
Hair transplant is the same method that helps restore hair growth in the areas where the change is absent or has decreased. Treatment for hair loss is various, but that’s also true that they don’t promise to stop hair growth. With aging, thinning hair and hair loss are prevalent issues with every person. Apart from aging, some medical conditions are also responsible for hair loss.
PROCESS OF HAIR TRANSPLANT
The whole process requires an experienced surgeon. First, the follicles are taken from a donor area and then implanted in the affected area. Then the primary function of the transplant starts. The types are two that are FUSS and FUE.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FUE AND FUS
The FUSS stands for Follicular unit strip surgery, whereas FUE stands for follicular unit extraction. Talking about the effectiveness then, both of these are equally effective. However, if you ask about the results, they can be different as per the case. As per several experts, FUE can be more efficient.
Now let’s talk about whether hair transplants work for patients with serious illnesses. It is often recommended to avoid performing hair transplants in the patient categories below.
SOME CATEGORIES OF DISEASES AND DISORDERS WHERE HAIR TRANSPLANTS CAN NOT OCCUR
- The first and foremost cause is the unpattern or irregular alopecia- In the case of DUPA that is diffuse unpatterned alopecia, it is pretty risky to carry out a hair transplant. Such transplants are not successful because of a lack of donors. Thus, it is advised not to perform the transplant. The prone area is the temporal, parietal, and occipital scalp. Therefore, in the case of DUPA, surgery isn’t preferred. Instead, medications are often suggested.
- Another such case is Cicatricial Alopecia- If any patient has active CA, then it is probably developed along with PHL or not. In such cases, the transplantation, the risk of surgery failure is high. This may also occur that the prevalent disease may even worsen or exacerbate. If the transplantation is performed in such cases, the results may be temporary and scarring.
- Any autoimmune variant development or occurrence- In some cases, if the patient suffers from autoimmune variants like Alopecia areata, these affect the follicles. Sometimes in some patients, this Alopecia areata and PHL may exist together. So the hair transplant is contraindicated in cases where the patient has an active Alopecia areata. Even there is the single fact that if the patient has any disease for two or more two years, then the risk is not eliminated. It is just compromised.
- Patients with not stable conditions hair loss-In cases where Patients with not harsh conditions of hair loss, medications or medical therapies are advised before the surgery. This medical therapy is given for 6 to 12 months to handle the situations well, and risks may also be masked. If one ignores this treatment, the condition may worsen even after the surgery or the transplantation.
- Be very particular in the case of young patients- Patients who are generally in their teens, especially men dealing with PHL, are often seen to be emotionally weak. In such cases, we often hear that they usually come for consultation due to their parents’ concerns. But is very difficult for one to make them understand that hair transplantation is not the only option. The cases and their treatments are often different, for example, in cases where the hairline has receded. Surgeons often say that attempting surgeries and hair transplants in such cases are pretty haunting at times. Trying to perform a hair transplant at a tender age isn’t the proper way to treat it. Doctors say that in such cases, they often go for treatment where they focus on stabilizing the progression of balding. They also focus on restoring the lost density before directly performing the transplant.
- Psychological disorders- A specific list of diseases and disorders wherein performing the surgery is not honestly recommended. One such disorder is BDD. Doctors say it is a colossal mistake to transplant in such cases. Prior to the transplantation, it is often recommended to go for counseling. Once the situation is acceptable, then corrective measures can be practiced easily.
Another such case is that of trichotillomania. Trichotillomania is an obsessive-compulsive disorder. In this, the patients are often seen pulling their hair or plucking them. Thus, in such cases, the patient may mimic the pattern of hair loss.
- Patients with diabetes are also not advised to go for hair transplants. This is because the surgery takes a long time, and since it is a time-consuming process, sugar fluctuations can occur. Thus, you will often not hear surgeons asking for type 1 diabetic persons to go for hair transplant options.
SOME DISADVANTAGES OF HAIR TRANSPLANT ARE AS MENTIONED BELOW
Increased risks of bleeding and infection. Numbness over the particular area followed by scarring. In some types of cases, there also exists the chances of hair loss, especially in freshly done transplants.